Sociologist in the Spotlight

11Below you will find a sampling of “Sociologists in the Spotlight…” Enjoy!

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Robert_K_Merton

Spotlight on Robert Merton

Robert K. Merton was a American-Jewish sociologist.

Robert K. Merton was noted for founding the sociology of science.

Merton’s work in the sociology of science included a kind of “sociology of scientists”.

His study of the the Matthew effect demonstrated that the top few scientists often enjoyed a disproportionate share of awards, grants and jobs, the spread and distribution of resources and recognition among scientists is highly skewed.

Here’s a quote from one of his many publications “Science and the Social Order” (1938).

The ethos of science involves the functionally necessary demand that theories or generalizations be evaluated in [terms of] their logical consistency and consonance with facts.

Find out more on Wikipedia.org.

#RobertMerton

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Spotlight on Herbert Marcuse

Herbert_MarcuseHerbert Marcuse was a German-Jewish philosopher, sociologist and political theorist.

He was a prominent figure in the “Frankfurt School” of sociology.

His best known works are Eros and Civilization (1955) and One-Dimensional Man (1964).  His work inspired and influenced many political activists and radical intellectuals of the 1960s and ’70s.

Here’s a quote from his book “One-Dimensional Man” (1964)

The judgment that human life is worth living, or rather can and ought to be made worth living, … underlies all intellectual effort; it is the a priori of social theory, and its rejection (which is perfectly logical) rejects theory itself.

Find out more on Wikipedia.org.

#HerbertMarcuse

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karl-mannheim

Spotlight on Karl Mannheim

Karl Mannheim was a Hungarian-Jewish sociologist.

Karl Mannheim founded what would become the sociology of knowledge.

Mannheim’s work was quite influential during the first half of the 20th century. He is considered to be one of the founding fathers of classical sociology.

Here’s a quote from his book “Ideology and Utopia” (1929)

It may possibly be true that, to continue to live on and to act in a world like ours, it is vitally necessary to seek a way out of this uncertainty of multiple alternatives; and accordingly people may be led to embrace some immediate goal as if it were absolute, by which they hope to make their problems appear concrete and real. But it is not primarily the man of action who seeks the absolute and immutable, but rather it is he who wishes to induce others to hold on to the status quo because he feels comfortable and smug under conditions as they are.

Find out more on Wikipedia.org.

#KarlMannheim

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Max-H_19301

Spotlight on Max Horkheimer

Max Horkheimer was a German-Jewish sociologist and philosopher.

Horkheimer is famous for his work in critical theory, as a member of the “Frankfurt School” of social research.

Here’s a quote from his book “The Latest Attack on Metaphysics” (1937)

“A man discovers what he is actually worth in this world when he faces society as a man, without money, name, or powerful connections, stripped of all but his native potentialities. He soon finds that nothing has less weight than his human qualities. They are prized so low that the market does not even list them….

 

[Man] is nothing more than a member of a species. In the eyes of the world, the quality of humanity confers no title to existence, nay, not even a right of sojourn. Such title must be certified by special social circumstances stipulated in documents to be presented on demand…”

Find out more on Wikipedia.org.

#MaxHorkheimer

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Karl Marx
Karl Marx

Spotlight on Karl Marx

Karl Marx is a Jewish social philosopher and is typically cited, with Émile Durkheim and Max Weber, as one of the three principal architects of modern social science.

In modern sociological theory, Marxist sociology is recognized as one of the main classical perspectives.

Here’s a quote from Karl Marx from a manuscript of his “Outlines of the Critique of Political Economy” (1857).

Society does not consist of individuals but expresses the sum of interrelations, the relations within which these individuals stand.

Find out more about Karl Marx at Wikipedia.org.

#KarlMarx

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Spotlight on Georg Simmel

Georg Simmel was a Jewish sociologist whose work focused on the relationships that make up society.
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Here’s a quote from his book The Stranger:

The Stranger is close to us, insofar as we feel between him and ourselves common features of a national, social, occupational, or generally human, nature. He is far from us, insofar as these common features extend beyond him or us, and connect us only because they connect a great many people.

— Georg Simmel The Stranger 1908

Check out more at Wikipedia.org for more information.

#GeorgSimmel

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Spotlight on Emile Durkheim

Emile Durkheim was a Jewish sociologist who is considered one of the founders of the science of sociology.

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Here’s a quote from this great sociologist:

If society lacks the unity based upon the commitment of men’s wills to a common objective, then it is no more than a pile of sand that the least jolt or the slightest puff will suffice to scatter.
—Émile Durkheim

Check out more at Wikipedia.org for more information.

#EmileDurkheim

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